The parliamentary elections in June 2010

Much of Slovakia’s domes­tic debate in recent months has been dom­i­nat­ed by the par­lia­men­tary elec­tions held on 12 June 2010. The result of the elec­tions has brought about a change in gov­ern­ment. While SMER-Social Democ­ra­cy (SMER-SD), the par­ty of the out­go­ing Prime Min­is­ter Robert Fico, won the elec­tion by a deci­sive mar­gin of 34.79 per­cent of the vote, it was not able to recre­ate its cur­rent coali­tion, since the Slo­vak Nation­al Par­ty (SNS) received only 5.07 per­cent of the total vote and the People’s Par­ty – Move­ment for Demo­c­ra­t­ic Slo­va­kia (ĽS-HZDS) failed to enter par­lia­ment alto­geth­er. At the same time, Robert Fico was not able to cre­ate a coali­tion gov­ern­ment with any oth­er polit­i­cal par­ty since the remain­ing four cen­tre-right par­ties that entered par­lia­ment decid­ed to form a coali­tion gov­ern­ment. The Slo­vak Demo­c­ra­t­ic and Chris­t­ian Union (SDKÚ-DS) received 15.42 per­cent of the vote and its elec­toral leader Ive­ta Radičová is in line to be Slovakia’s first female Prime Min­is­ter. SDKÚ-DS coali­tion part­ner will include the lib­er­al Free­dom and Sol­i­dar­i­ty (SAS) with 12.14 per­cent of the vote, the Chris­t­ian Demo­c­ra­t­ic Move­ment (KDH) with 8.52 per­cent and the new mul­ti­eth­nic Hun­gar­i­an dom­i­nat­ed par­ty Most-Híd (Bridge) with 8.12 per­cent. The new coali­tion will con­trol 79 seats out of the total 150 seats in the new par­lia­ment. The coali­tion, com­posed of four polit­i­cal par­ties, will be inter­nal­ly frag­ile and face sol­id oppo­si­tion in par­lia­ment, as well as dif­fi­cult chal­lenges in try­ing eco­nom­ic and social times, but it has the poten­tial to last the full elec­toral term of four years, as Slovakia’s pol­i­tics are now used to man­ag­ing dif­fi­cult and unsta­ble coali­tions. Much will depend on the skills of the des­ig­nat­ed Prime Min­is­ter Ive­ta Radičová in this case.

The reports focus on a report­ing peri­od from Decem­ber 2009 until May 2010. This sur­vey was con­duct­ed on the basis of a ques­tion­naire that has been elab­o­rat­ed in March and April 2010. Most of the 31 reports were deliv­ered in May 2010.

The EU-27 Watch No. 9 receives sig­nif­i­cant fund­ing from the Otto Wolff-Foun­da­tion, Cologne, in the frame­work of the ‘Dia­log Europa der Otto Wolff-Stiftung’, and finan­cial sup­port from the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion. The Euro­pean Com­mis­sion is not respon­si­ble for any use that may be made of the infor­ma­tion con­tained there­in.