The next best choice
The “Next best Choice” was the way in which the left-wing newspaper Information described the choice of Herman Van Rompuy.11Information: Det næstbedste valg, 10 November 2009. He might not be an international showstopper, but he is considered valuable because of his strong analytical sense and ability to create consensus. The Danish Prime Minister (PM) Lars Løkke Rasmussen emphasised this point when asked if he thought that the new President of the European Council was too unknown for the prestigious job: “You can be very good at your job, even if you are not well-known”.22Søndagsavisen: Løkke: Nye EU-ledere kan blive profiler, 19 November 2009. The Danish Member of European Parliament (MEP) Jens Rohde, also from the PM’s Liberal party, did not agree with Løkke. He thought that Van Rompuy was chosen so as not to overshadow the heads of the national governments.33Nordjyske Stifttidende: Jens Rohde: EU-Udnævnelser: Hvor er mod?, 24 November 2009.
Another newspaper called it a “sensible choice” to give the post to Van Rompuy since the EU is now in need of “peace” to implement the Lisbon Treaty.44Dagbladenes Bureau: Fornuftigt Valg, 20 November 2009. Kristeligt Dagblad, a centrist daily newspaper, is very critical towards the new figure and calls it unambitious and a waste of a good opportunity for profiling the EU.55Kristeligt Dagblad: Europæisk Selvmål, 21 November 2009. At the grassroots level, the Danish European Movement welcomed the new President of the European Council without any critical comments. The Youth division of the movement was, however, not satisfied with the new leaders, calling it a victory for those opposed to a strong EU.
Not a lot of attention has been paid to the question: which changes to the role of the rotating council presidency are expected? The shifting priorities of the rotating presidency are generally seen as having damaged the consistency of EU foreign policy and it is one of the main goals of the Lisbon Treaty to change this with the common High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The Confederation of Danish Industry (Dansk Industri – DI) asks for more focus on financial issues, but does not mention the new role of the presidency. Jyllandsposten, a conservative daily, emphasises the possible fight for the spotlight and the lack of clarity in the division of labour. The Spanish Presidency will make precedence for the division of labour between the President of the European Council and the rotating presidency.
Danish Diplomat to the rescue
The Prime Minister had the same attitude towards Catherine Ashton as he had towards Van Rompuy: even though you are not a political superstar you can still be very fit for the job.66Søndagsavisen: Løkke: Nye EU-ledere kan blive profiler, 19 November 2009. The overall impression in the Danish debate when Ashton was named as the new High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy was that she was elected because, in terms of gender and political affiliation, she represented that which Van Rompuy is not. There was critique of her lack of foreign policy experience, but some leading dailies have stated that much of the critique was chauvinist77Information: Hvorfor er baronessen usynlig?, 24 February 2010. and premature.88Jyllandsposten: Europas ansigter, 21 November 2010.
Danish newspapers also covered extensively the appointment of Catherine Ashton’s new counselor, Poul Skytte Christoffersen, in late February 2010. Ashton personally requested the nomination of Skytte Christoffersen, until then Denmark’s Ambassador to the EU. The Danish Minister for Foreign Affairs, Lene Espersen, was very satisfied by the choice and called Ashton’s request “a huge acknowledgement of Skytte Christoffersen’s abilities and experience.”99Jyllandsposten: EU’s udenrigstjeneste får en dansker i spidsen, 26 February 2010. Ashton’s double role as both High Representative and Vice President of the European Commission is hardly mentioned in the Danish debate.
In favour of a strong Europe
On EU foreign policy, Espersen has also declared working for EU unity as her first priority: The “EU risks ending up as a “looser region” if we don’t learn how to agree and speak with [one] voice.”1010Berlingske Tidende: EU står alt for ofte fuldstændigt afklædt og forpjusket tilbage, 6 March 2010. The Foreign Minister has expressed herself since February 2010 to be a strong supporter of a strong EU in the world. However, national experts are not too optimistic on behalf of the European External Action Service (EEAS). In general many observers argue that internal bickering is damaging Ashton and the EU, which is paradoxical considering the Lisbon Treaty was meant to strengthen the EU’s role in the world.1111Mandag morgen: Knald eller fald for EUs udenrigstjeneste, 8 March 2010.
Marlene Wind of the University of Copenhagen fears that Danish diplomats will not get the top positions in the EEAS hierarchy. With Denmark having an opt-out in vital policy areas, high-ranking officials should be from member states which are fully integrated into the EU.
Other observers are also sceptical about the role of the EEAS. They fear that the EU will turn into the role of a mediator rather than a powerful actor, and that the rest of the world will turn away from the EU in world politics.1212Weekendavisen: EU’s udenrigspolitik: Høje FUSP, 29 January 2010. Towards the end of March 2010 the very critical attitude in the media towards Ashton seemed to fade away as she picked up the pace and the EEAS started to come together.
A half open door
The Danish debate concerning the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) has been dominated by the rather complicated procedures the Commission is setting up for the petitions. The EU-critical grassroots movements, such as “Radikal EU-kritisk netværk” and “Folkebevægelsen med EU”, were initially against this development. Folkebevægelsen answered a Commission-hearing stating that the wording in the Lisbon Treaty should be interpreted in the least restrictive way. Furthermore, the Commission should be obliged to take the request seriously and not only consider it.1313Folkebevægelsen mod EU: Giv borgerne reel indflydelse!, 30 January 2010, available at: http://www.folkebevaegelsen.dk/spip.php?article2276&var_recherche=giv%20boprgerne%20reel%20indflydelse (last acces: 19 May 2010). Also, MEP Morten Messerschmidt from Dansk Folkeparti wants all restrictions on the petitions removed.
More EU-friendly grassroots are also complaining over the complicated procedures. The Danish branch of the NGO-network Concord Denmark has launched the first ECI, “Keep your promises to the poor”. Despite the enthusiasm over the possibility to have direct influence over the Commission’s agenda, the NGO fears that the new demands require a lot of resources that are not available to most grassroots movements.1414Politiken: EU spænder ben for sin egen folkelighed, 15 April 2010. A consequence of this could be a favouring of the lobby industry instead of the grassroots movements, since they are the only ones who have the resources to make petitions of this kind.1515Information: EU åbner døren for direkte borgerindflydelse – men ikke helt, 7 April 2010. The European Movement, a pro-EU group, argues that the ECI is only a small part of the positive democratic development the EU is undergoing with the Lisbon Treaty.
- 1Information: Det næstbedste valg, 10 November 2009.
- 2Søndagsavisen: Løkke: Nye EU-ledere kan blive profiler, 19 November 2009.
- 3Nordjyske Stifttidende: Jens Rohde: EU-Udnævnelser: Hvor er mod?, 24 November 2009.
- 4Dagbladenes Bureau: Fornuftigt Valg, 20 November 2009.
- 5Kristeligt Dagblad: Europæisk Selvmål, 21 November 2009.
- 6Søndagsavisen: Løkke: Nye EU-ledere kan blive profiler, 19 November 2009.
- 7Information: Hvorfor er baronessen usynlig?, 24 February 2010.
- 8Jyllandsposten: Europas ansigter, 21 November 2010.
- 9Jyllandsposten: EU’s udenrigstjeneste får en dansker i spidsen, 26 February 2010.
- 10Berlingske Tidende: EU står alt for ofte fuldstændigt afklædt og forpjusket tilbage, 6 March 2010.
- 11Mandag morgen: Knald eller fald for EUs udenrigstjeneste, 8 March 2010.
- 12Weekendavisen: EU’s udenrigspolitik: Høje FUSP, 29 January 2010.
- 13Folkebevægelsen mod EU: Giv borgerne reel indflydelse!, 30 January 2010, available at: http://www.folkebevaegelsen.dk/spip.php?article2276&var_recherche=giv%20boprgerne%20reel%20indflydelse (last acces: 19 May 2010).
- 14Politiken: EU spænder ben for sin egen folkelighed, 15 April 2010.
- 15Information: EU åbner døren for direkte borgerindflydelse – men ikke helt, 7 April 2010.
The reports focus on a reporting period from December 2009 until May 2010. This survey was conducted on the basis of a questionnaire that has been elaborated in March and April 2010. Most of the 31 reports were delivered in May 2010.
The EU-27 Watch No. 9 receives significant funding from the Otto Wolff-Foundation, Cologne, in the framework of the ‘Dialog Europa der Otto Wolff-Stiftung’, and financial support from the European Commission. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.