The Czech Republic – a satisfied spectator

The Czech Republic has yet to introduce the Euro as the country’s currency. However, so far there has been a lack of political will to fulfil the EU membership commitments on this point. The current crisis has strengthened the position of Euro reluctant voices in the country. Even if none of the established political parties are directly against the introduction of the Euro, primarily the Civic Democrats (the major rightist party – ODS) and the Communists have made it clear that early access to the Eurozone is not in their interest. The otherwise Europhile Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) is, on the other hand, not willing to accept the necessary economic reforms for the Czech membership in the third phase of the European Monetary Union (EMU).11Parízek, Michael: Euro ano, nebo ne? Český diskurz o euru [Euro, yes or no? The Czech discourse on the euro], in: Drulák, Petr/Handl, Vladimír (eds.): Hledání českých zájmů – Vnitřní rozmanitost a vnější akceschopnost, Prague 2010. The most prominent and also the most outspoken EMU sceptic in the country, President Václav Klaus, has used the crisis as an opportunity to state that his long-term criticism of the project has been proven correct. Klaus has, among others, blamed the current crisis in Greece on the country’s choice to introduce the Euro.22See, e.g., Klaus.cz: F.A.Z.-Gespräch mit dem tschechischen Präsidenten, available at: http://www.klaus.cz/clanky/2577 (last access: 22 June 2010); Klaus.cz: Rozhovor prezidenta republiky pro časopis Týden o volbách do Poslanecké sněmovny a problémech eurozóny [Interview with the president for the weekly Týden about the elections to the Chamber of Deputies and the problems of the Euro-zone], available at: http://www.klaus.cz/clanky/2591 (last access: 22 June 2010).

The country’s position on the rescue package for Greece has been influenced mainly by three factors: the country’s position as a non-member in the third phase of the EMU, the weak political mandate of the current caretaker cabinet and the ongoing national election campaign. The country’s involvement in the rescue package is, due to the country’s non-membership in the Eurozone, rather limited and only through the EU rescue fund. It is also important to mention that the current Czech government is largely a caretaker cabinet with an unclear political mandate and that it does not consider itself in the position to make any more long-term commitments on behalf of the Czech Republic; at the same time, the more prominent representatives of the political parties were more interested in the domestic election race than in saving the Euro. The upcoming elections to the Chamber of Deputies led to a situation where politicians, especially on the right side of the political spectrum, tended to use the crisis to win political points by warning the electorate that this is what would happen if the Socialists were to win the elections. If we look at the comments on the rescue package in the media, they, to a large degree, tend to reflect what is written in the European media as a whole, such as in The Economist. An often-stated point is that the agreement was reached too late, and that Germany is primarily to blame for this failure.33See, e.g., Niedermayer, Luděk: Evropa se otáčí správným směrem [Europe is turning in the right direction], 19 May 2010, avialable at: http://hn.ihned.cz/c1-43631920-evropa-se-otaci-spravnym-smerem (last access: 22 June 2010).

The Czech reactions regarding what can be learned from the Greek crisis are mixed. During the Czech Council Presidency in the first half of 2009, the Czech message regarding the financial crisis was that the member states should maintain budgetary discipline and keep their commitments to the Stability and Growth Pact.44See, e.g., Braun, Mats: Předsednictví za ekonomické recese [The Presidency during the Economic Crisis], Mezinárodní politika, no. 7, 2009. Simultaneously, the country has had difficulties in mastering its own budgetary situation. The Czech reactions regarding the future of the Stability and Growth Pact are generally positive towards stricter budgetary discipline, but simultaneously hesitant towards any step that could be interpreted as increasing the supranational aspects of the European integration project. This is in particular the view of the parties on the right side of the political spectrum. The initial Czech responses to the discussions on a special bank tax as well as regulation of hedge funds (especially concerning the points regarding third countries) have been reluctant and the government has sided with the United Kingdom on most of these issues.55Hospodářské Noviny: Zákrok unie proti velkým fondům provázejí spory [The Union’s measures against big funds are followed by controversies], 19 May 2010, available at: http://hn.ihned.cz/c1-43631570-zakrok-unie-proti-velkym-fondum-provazeji-spory (last access: 22 June 2010). However, the first comments regarding the possibility of some kind of EU surveillance of national budgets were rather positive.66Hospodářské Noviny: Brusel: Rozpočtová pravidla se budou řešit až na podzim [Brussels: The budgetary rules will be dealt with in the autumn], 19 May 2010, available at: http://hn.ihned.cz/c1-43631560-brusel-rozpoctova-pravidla-se-budou-resit-az-na-podzim (last access: 29 June 2010).

From the Czech perspective, the Europe 2020 Strategy was criticised in its original version for including too many numbers without any clear content. It was also criticised for lacking vision regarding competitiveness, a better climate for entrepreneurs and work productivity, which are viewed by central Czech actors as the key components for economic growth. The Minister for European Affairs has, among other things, stated that the intended goal of reduced energy dependency in the Czech Republic is unrealistic.77Chmiel, Juraj: EU by měla být více „user friendly“ [EU should be more user friendly], 12 April 2010, available at: http://www.euractiv.cz/cr-v-evropske-unii/analyza/juraj-chmiel-eu-by-mela-byt-vice-user-friendly-007353 (last access: 29 June 2010). The Strategy has also been criticised by both the organised trade unions and business interests. Both Jaroslav Šulc from the Czech-Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions and Radek Špicar from Škoda cars have criticised the Strategy for failing to reflect why the Lisbon Strategy failed, and both have also questioned the lack of consequences for failing to fulfil the targets of the Strategy. However, there is a general agreement on the point that the EU member states need to invest more in research and science. The Czech Republic has also started working on a national road map to the Europe 2020 Strategy. Among the first steps in this direction was a conference held in the chamber of deputies in May 2010.88Euroskop.cz: Shrnutí konference ke strategii “Evropa 2020” [A summary of the conference “Europe 2020”], 7 May 2010, available at: http://www.euroskop.cz/44/16288/clanek/shrnuti-konference-ke-strategii-evropa-2020/ (last access: 29 June 2010).

    Footnotes

  • 1Parízek, Michael: Euro ano, nebo ne? Český diskurz o euru [Euro, yes or no? The Czech discourse on the euro], in: Drulák, Petr/Handl, Vladimír (eds.): Hledání českých zájmů – Vnitřní rozmanitost a vnější akceschopnost, Prague 2010.
  • 2See, e.g., Klaus.cz: F.A.Z.-Gespräch mit dem tschechischen Präsidenten, available at: http://www.klaus.cz/clanky/2577 (last access: 22 June 2010); Klaus.cz: Rozhovor prezidenta republiky pro časopis Týden o volbách do Poslanecké sněmovny a problémech eurozóny [Interview with the president for the weekly Týden about the elections to the Chamber of Deputies and the problems of the Euro-zone], available at: http://www.klaus.cz/clanky/2591 (last access: 22 June 2010).
  • 3See, e.g., Niedermayer, Luděk: Evropa se otáčí správným směrem [Europe is turning in the right direction], 19 May 2010, avialable at: http://hn.ihned.cz/c1-43631920-evropa-se-otaci-spravnym-smerem (last access: 22 June 2010).
  • 4See, e.g., Braun, Mats: Předsednictví za ekonomické recese [The Presidency during the Economic Crisis], Mezinárodní politika, no. 7, 2009.
  • 5Hospodářské Noviny: Zákrok unie proti velkým fondům provázejí spory [The Union’s measures against big funds are followed by controversies], 19 May 2010, available at: http://hn.ihned.cz/c1-43631570-zakrok-unie-proti-velkym-fondum-provazeji-spory (last access: 22 June 2010).
  • 6Hospodářské Noviny: Brusel: Rozpočtová pravidla se budou řešit až na podzim [Brussels: The budgetary rules will be dealt with in the autumn], 19 May 2010, available at: http://hn.ihned.cz/c1-43631560-brusel-rozpoctova-pravidla-se-budou-resit-az-na-podzim (last access: 29 June 2010).
  • 7Chmiel, Juraj: EU by měla být více „user friendly“ [EU should be more user friendly], 12 April 2010, available at: http://www.euractiv.cz/cr-v-evropske-unii/analyza/juraj-chmiel-eu-by-mela-byt-vice-user-friendly-007353 (last access: 29 June 2010).
  • 8Euroskop.cz: Shrnutí konference ke strategii “Evropa 2020” [A summary of the conference “Europe 2020”], 7 May 2010, available at: http://www.euroskop.cz/44/16288/clanek/shrnuti-konference-ke-strategii-evropa-2020/ (last access: 29 June 2010).

The reports focus on a reporting period from December 2009 until May 2010. This survey was conducted on the basis of a questionnaire that has been elaborated in March and April 2010. Most of the 31 reports were delivered in May 2010.

The EU-27 Watch No. 9 receives significant funding from the Otto Wolff-Foundation, Cologne, in the framework of the ‘Dialog Europa der Otto Wolff-Stiftung’, and financial support from the European Commission. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.