Satisfied with its performance as conference host

The Dan­ish gov­ern­ment was sat­is­fied with its per­for­mance dur­ing the Decem­ber 2009 Copen­hagen con­fer­ence; how­ev­er, the nego­ti­a­tion strat­e­gy of the EU was con­ceived as some­what imper­fect. The Dan­ish EU-Com­mis­sion­er for Cli­mate Action, Con­nie Hede­gaard, point­ed to the lack of lead­er­ship on the part of the EU as one of the main rea­sons for the fail­ure in Copen­hagen. She thus sug­gest­ed that the EU would have had to step up offers to bring funds to devel­op­ing coun­tries at an ear­li­er stage dur­ing the con­fer­ence.11Zealand­Den­mark: Høring slut­tede med klap­salver, 15 Jan­u­ary 2010.

On the part of the oppo­si­tion, the Copen­hagen con­fer­ence was gen­er­al­ly con­sid­ered a fail­ure since no bind­ing agree­ment was reached. The People’s Move­ment Against the EU said the EU treat­ed the devel­op­ing coun­tries in an arro­gant way dur­ing the nego­ti­a­tions.22Arbe­jderen: Efter Hopen­hagen, 23 Decem­ber 2009.

The Dan­ish EU-Com­mis­sion­er for Cli­mate Action, Con­nie Hede­gaard, and Mem­ber of Euro­pean Par­lia­ment (MEP) Jens Rohde both argued in favour of rais­ing the 20 per­cent reduc­tion goal to 30 per­cent due to the poten­tial eco­nom­ic effects it might entail.33Land­brugsAvisen: EU-Par­la­mentet vil have højere kli­mamål, 11 Feb­ru­ary 2010. The gov­ern­ment gen­er­al­ly sup­port­ed the idea of the EU tak­ing the glob­al lead on cli­mate change and there was a broad con­sen­sus on rais­ing the reduc­tion goal. For­mer com­mis­sion­er and Direc­tor-Gen­er­al for Envi­ron­ment, Jør­gen Hen­ningsen, said that the EU’s 20 per­cent reduc­tion goal is too small to fos­ter cli­mate friend­ly tech­nol­o­gy advances.44Infor­ma­tion: CO2-reduk­tion: EU’s mål for kli­maet er allerede klaret af krise og CO2-kred­it­ter, 18 March 2010. Rina Ron­ja Kari, spokesper­son for the People’s Move­ment Against the EU, com­ment­ed that Denmark’s mem­ber­ship of the EU forced Den­mark to work for an unam­bi­tious cli­mate deal at the 2009 Copen­hagen con­fer­ence. While the EU will cut 20–30 per­cent, some experts have pushed for cuts of up to 40 per­cent.55Lol­land-Fal­sters Folke­ti­dende: EU svigter ulan­dene, 22 Decem­ber 2009. Green­peace voiced their regret that the EU did not decide on a 30 per­cent emis­sions reduc­tion instead of 20 per­cent. Jan Søn­dergård of Green­peace thus com­ment­ed that the EU’s 20 per­cent goal had already proven to be unsuc­cess­ful.66Arbe­jderen: EU under­graver FN, 30 March 2010.

Europe’s future potential

On the more pos­i­tive side, MEP Dan Jør­gensen com­ment­ed that there is still a chance for the EU to become a lead­ing glob­al pow­er on cli­mate change.77Fred­eriks­borg Amts Avis: EU vil højne kli­mamål, 11 Feb­ru­ary 2010. How­ev­er, this would require a greater will on the part of the EU, more ambi­tious reduc­tion goals and the abil­i­ty to speak with one voice.88Fyens Stift­ti­dende: Den aller­sid­ste chance, 7 Feb­ru­ary 2010. Both Com­mis­sion­er Con­nie Hede­gaard and ECON Pöyry’s direc­tor, Jør­gen Abildgaard, sup­port­ed Jørgensen’s argu­ment and said that the EU must show itself as a moti­vat­ing force on glob­al cli­mate change.99Infor­ma­tion: CO2-reduk­tion: EU’s mål for kli­maet er allerede klaret af krise og CO2-kred­it­ter, 18 March 2010. Mandag Mor­gen, a think tank, sim­i­lar­ly com­ment­ed that the EU could have great pos­si­bil­i­ties of set­ting the agen­da on cli­mate pol­i­cy in the years to come.1010Mandag Mor­gen: Europas kli­machance, 19 Feb­ru­ary 2010; Zealand­Den­mark: Høring slut­tede med klap­salver, 15 Jan­u­ary 2010.

In gen­er­al, the debate sel­dom con­cerned the Unit­ed Nations Frame­work Con­ven­tion on Cli­mate Change (UNFCCC) and its role in nego­ti­at­ing a glob­al cli­mate change agree­ment. The gen­er­al opin­ion was that Den­mark, as a small coun­try, needs to par­tic­i­pate in inter­na­tion­al devel­op­ment coop­er­a­tion both with­in the EU and the Unit­ed Nations.1111Uland­snyt: Kli­makon­fer­en­cen II, 23 Jan­u­ary 2010. The Min­is­ter for Cli­mate and Ener­gy, Lykke Fri­is, thus stat­ed that it was still the government’s goal to work to reach a bind­ing agree­ment with­in the organ­i­sa­tion of the Unit­ed Nations.1212Infor­ma­tion: Efter­spil: Løkke afvis­er kri­tik af COP15-for­løb, 27 Jan­u­ary 2010.

Financing mitigation and adaptation efforts in developing countries

The gov­ern­ment expressed sat­is­fac­tion with Denmark’s effort on devel­op­ment aid. MEP Dan Jør­gensen com­ment­ed that it is unre­al­is­tic to believe that Denmark’s devel­op­ment aid in itself will cov­er the costs of cli­mate change adap­ta­tion in devel­op­ing coun­tries. He called for more mon­ey as well as new mar­ket based ini­tia­tives, such as a quo­ta trade charge used for invest­ments in adap­ta­tion in devel­op­ing coun­tries.1313Poli­tiken: Hvis kli­mamødet skal blive en suc­ces…, 4 Decem­ber 2009; Fyens Stift­sti­dende: Den aller­sid­ste chance, 7 Feb­ru­ary 2010. It is a bad sign that the EU is going to reuse the devel­op­ment aid to fund cli­mate change adap­ta­tion in devel­op­ing coun­tries.1414Nord­jyske Stift­sti­dende: Ulande sny­des for et stort klima­beløb, 22 March 2010.

Uffe Torm of Dan­ish Mis­sion Coun­cil Devel­op­ment Depart­ment, an umbrel­la organ­i­sa­tion for Dan­ish church­es, also point­ed to the grow­ing need for human­i­tar­i­an aid as a con­se­quence of cli­mate change and the glob­al food cri­sis. He there­fore found it very pos­i­tive that the devel­op­ment con­se­quences of cli­mate change were men­tioned in the draft for a new Dan­ish devel­op­ment pol­i­cy. How­ev­er, he crit­i­cised the fact that the Dan­ish gov­ern­ment in spite of its pre­vi­ous promis­es had not approved any extra fund­ing to cov­er the increased costs fac­ing the devel­op­ing coun­tries.1515Poli­tiken: Fat­tig­dom, fri­hed og foran­dring, 14 April 2010. Troels Dam Chris­tensen, coor­di­na­tor of the 92 Group, an umbrel­la NGO group, fur­ther com­ment­ed that there is a strong pre­sump­tion that the rich coun­tries and Den­mark are going to reuse the devel­op­ment aid to fund cli­mate change adap­ta­tion in devel­op­ing coun­tries and that this was a very dis­ap­point­ing thing.1616Nord­jyske Stift­sti­dende: Ulande sny­des for et stort klima­beløb, 22 March 2010. Green­peace added that it was unclear whether the EU’s cli­mate aid for devel­op­ing coun­tries through 2012 would be financed by new EU funds or by the EU coun­tries’ devel­op­ment aid until now.1717Arbe­jderen: EU under­graver FN, 30 March 2010. This state­ment was sup­port­ed by the People’s Move­ment Against the EU, who com­ment­ed that the devel­oped coun­tries as a group should set aside a new sum of mon­ey for the sole pur­pose of help­ing the devel­op­ing world adapt to cli­mate change.1818Arbe­jderen: Efter Hopen­hagen, 23 Decem­ber 2009.

    Footnotes

  • 1Zealand­Den­mark: Høring slut­tede med klap­salver, 15 Jan­u­ary 2010.
  • 2Arbe­jderen: Efter Hopen­hagen, 23 Decem­ber 2009.
  • 3Land­brugsAvisen: EU-Par­la­mentet vil have højere kli­mamål, 11 Feb­ru­ary 2010.
  • 4Infor­ma­tion: CO2-reduk­tion: EU’s mål for kli­maet er allerede klaret af krise og CO2-kred­it­ter, 18 March 2010.
  • 5Lol­land-Fal­sters Folke­ti­dende: EU svigter ulan­dene, 22 Decem­ber 2009.
  • 6Arbe­jderen: EU under­graver FN, 30 March 2010.
  • 7Fred­eriks­borg Amts Avis: EU vil højne kli­mamål, 11 Feb­ru­ary 2010.
  • 8Fyens Stift­ti­dende: Den aller­sid­ste chance, 7 Feb­ru­ary 2010.
  • 9Infor­ma­tion: CO2-reduk­tion: EU’s mål for kli­maet er allerede klaret af krise og CO2-kred­it­ter, 18 March 2010.
  • 10Mandag Mor­gen: Europas kli­machance, 19 Feb­ru­ary 2010; Zealand­Den­mark: Høring slut­tede med klap­salver, 15 Jan­u­ary 2010.
  • 11Uland­snyt: Kli­makon­fer­en­cen II, 23 Jan­u­ary 2010.
  • 12Infor­ma­tion: Efter­spil: Løkke afvis­er kri­tik af COP15-for­løb, 27 Jan­u­ary 2010.
  • 13Poli­tiken: Hvis kli­mamødet skal blive en suc­ces…, 4 Decem­ber 2009; Fyens Stift­sti­dende: Den aller­sid­ste chance, 7 Feb­ru­ary 2010.
  • 14Nord­jyske Stift­sti­dende: Ulande sny­des for et stort klima­beløb, 22 March 2010.
  • 15Poli­tiken: Fat­tig­dom, fri­hed og foran­dring, 14 April 2010.
  • 16Nord­jyske Stift­sti­dende: Ulande sny­des for et stort klima­beløb, 22 March 2010.
  • 17Arbe­jderen: EU under­graver FN, 30 March 2010.
  • 18Arbe­jderen: Efter Hopen­hagen, 23 Decem­ber 2009.

The reports focus on a report­ing peri­od from Decem­ber 2009 until May 2010. This sur­vey was con­duct­ed on the basis of a ques­tion­naire that has been elab­o­rat­ed in March and April 2010. Most of the 31 reports were deliv­ered in May 2010.

The EU-27 Watch No. 9 receives sig­nif­i­cant fund­ing from the Otto Wolff-Foun­da­tion, Cologne, in the frame­work of the ‘Dia­log Europa der Otto Wolff-Stiftung’, and finan­cial sup­port from the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion. The Euro­pean Com­mis­sion is not respon­si­ble for any use that may be made of the infor­ma­tion con­tained therein.