Looking east, looking north

Iceland’s accession is strongly supported and the Croatian accession negotiations should be finished as soon as possible

Lithuanian officials favour further EU enlargement and are convinced that bilateral disagreements should not influence the accession negotiations of the candidate countries – former Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Minister Vygaudas Usackas expressed his support for the European Commission’s estimation that Croatian accession negotiations can be finished in 2010.11Foreign Affairs Ministry: The preparation for the forthcoming European Council has been deliberated in Brussels (Briuselyje aptartas pasirengimas artėjančiai Europos vadovų tarybai), press release, 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.alfa.lt/straipsnis/10303389 (last access: 9 June 2010). Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Vice-Minister Asta Skaisgiryte Liauskiene recently said that the Croatian accession negotiations should be finished as soon as possible.22Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuania supports the Croatian aspiration to finish the accession negotiations soon (Lietuva remia Kroatijos siekį baigti derybas dėl narystės ES artimiausiu metu), press release, 10 May 2010, available at: http://www.alfa.lt/straipsnis/10358663/?Lietuva.remia.Kroatijos.sieki.baigti.derybas.del.narystes.ES.artimiausiu.metu=2010-05-19_15-10 (last access: 9 June 2010).

Iceland was the first state to recognise Lithuania’s independence 20 years ago. Today Lithuania favours the integration of this state into the EU and, as Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite said, “Lithuania strongly supports the aspiration of Iceland to become an EU member state and is willing to provide all the necessary support for Iceland‘s accession negotiations.”33Baltic News Service: Grybauskaite: Lithuania strongly supports the Iceland’s aspiration to become an EU Member State (Grybauskaite: Lietuva tvirtai remia Islandijos siekius tapti ES nare), 16 March 2010, available at: http://www.alfa.lt/straipsnis/10321304/?Grybauskaite..Lietuva.tvirtai.remia.Islandijos.siekius.tapti.ES.nare=2010-03-16_16-16 (last access: 9 June 2010).

Regarding other countries, Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Minister Vygaudas Usackas expressed Lithuanian support for the European Commission’s proposal to start accession negotiations with Macedonia. He expressed his hope that the European Commission will positively evaluate the applications for EU membership by Albania and Montenegro. He hoped that in 2011, when Lithuania will hold the Presidency for the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and later in 2013, when Lithuania will hold the council presidency, there would be a significant move towards the creation of a free and united Europe.44Foreign Affairs Ministry: V. Usackas: The progress in the Western Balkans is evident, but to achieve the goal there is a need to concentrate the efforts (V. Ušackas: Vakarų Balkanuose pažanga akivaizdi, tačiau dėl tikslo dar reikia susitelkti), press release, 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.gov.lt/index.php?-154276899 (last access: 9 June 2010).

Concerning Turkey, Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Minister Audronius Azubalis urged Turkey to continue implementing EU reforms and to seek progress in the accession negotiations. He reiterated that Lithuania is ready to help Turkey on its way into the EU.55Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuania supports the Turkish reforms implemented on its way to the EU (Lietuva remia Turkijos kelyje į ES vykdomas reformas), press release, 24 February 2010, available at: http://elta.lt/zinute_pr.php?inf_id=1160140 (last access: 9 June 2010).

Active participation in the Eastern Partnership – a Lithuanian foreign policy priority

While the Union for Mediterranean is a low salience issue in Lithuania, the Eastern Partnership attracts a lot of attention and is one of the most important current EU initiatives to Lithuania, because, as a former Soviet Republic, Lithuania can share its experience on how to develop relations with the EU’s eastern neighbours. Both former and current Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Ministers claim that, since its membership in the EU, Lithuania has consequently supported and initiated such partnerships between the EU and its eastern neighbours.66Foreign Affairs Ministry: Eastern Partnership initiative stimulates the rapprochement of EU and its Eastern Partners, says Foreign Affairs Minister (Rytų partnerystės iniciatyva skatina ES ir Rytų kaimynių suartėjimą, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?237482786 (last access: 9 June 2010); former Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Minister Vygaudas Usackas: Lithuanian foreign policy: continuity and change, rhetoric and practice, speech at Institute of International Relations and Political Science of Vilnius University, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1877806041 (last access: 9 June 2010).

Lithuanian officials recognise the high importance of the new EU initiative. According to the Foreign Affairs Minister Audronius Azubalis, “[the] Eastern Partnership embodies a new era of the relationship with eastern neighbours and it is an important measure fostering the reforms and economic integration in these states and helping to facilitate the movement of people.”77Foreign Affairs Ministry: Eastern Partnership initiative stimulates the rapprochement of EU and its Eastern Partners, says Foreign Affairs Minister (Rytų partnerystės iniciatyva skatina ES ir Rytų kaimynių suartėjimą, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?237482786 (last access: 9 June 2010). Former Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Minister Vygaudas Usackas expressed his belief that the “independence, security and stability of Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia and other states participating in the Eastern Partnership is not only a premise for the security and stability of the three Baltic states, but also a premise for the stability and security of the whole Europe.”88Press release of the Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian trilateral projects of the EU Eastern partnership have been presented in Brussels (Briuselyje pristatyti Lietuvos, Baltarusijos ir Ukrainos trišaliai projektai ES Rytų kaimynystei), 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.esnaujienos.lt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1665:briuselyje-pristatyti-lietuvos-baltarusijos-ir-ukrainos-trialiai-projektai-es-ryt-partnerystei-&catid=86:lietuvos-atstovavimas-es-institucijose&Itemid=95 (last access: 9 June 2010). Audronius Azubalis says that the active participation of Lithuania in the Eastern Partnership programme has become one of the top priority fields of Lithuanian Foreign policy.99Foreign Affairs Ministry: Eastern Partnership initiative stimulates the rapprochement of EU and its Eastern Partners, says Foreign Affairs Minister (Rytų partnerystės iniciatyva skatina ES ir Rytų kaimynių suartėjimą, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?237482786 (last access: 9 June 2010).

All necessary material support must be provided

Lithuanian Minister of Foreign Affairs Audronius Azubalis emphasised that it is important to start implementing specific projects with the Eastern Partnership countries as soon as possible.1010Foreign Affairs Ministry: The Ukrainian election results, EU actions in Afghanistan and the forthcoming European Council have been discussed in Brussels (Briuselyje aptarti rinkimų Ukrainoje rezultatai, ES veikslai Afganistane ir būsimoji Europos vadovų taryba), press release, 22 February 2010, available at: http://www.ue2013.lt/index.php?647304910 (last access: 9 June 2010). He urged EU member states to provide a perspective of visa free regimes for Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. He also emphasised that it is important to provide the necessary financial resources for the implementation of Eastern Partnership projects.1111Foreign Affairs Ministry: EU members and Eastern neighbours have to use all the Eastern Partnership measures and instruments, claims the Foreign Affairs Minister (ES šalys ir Rytų kaimynės turi išnaudoti visas Rytų patnerystės priemones ir instrumentus, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 2 March 2010, available at: www.urm.lt (last access: 9 June 2010). The Foreign Affairs Minister also urged eastern EU neighbours participating in this initiative to fully use all the Eastern Partnership instruments and measures – association agreements, free trade agreements and visa facilitation agreements – and to cooperate more intensively in the field of energy.

Visas for Belarusian citizens should be cheaper

The Former Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Minister Vygaudas Usackas said he was especially worried about the development of the EU’s and Lithuania’s relations with Belarus. According to the former Minister, Lithuania would like to see an independent and stable Belarus moving towards the establishment of an open democratic society and functioning market economy. He urged the stopping of discriminatory policy towards the citizens of Belarus, who have to pay twice as much for a visa to enter the EU compared with citizens of other Eastern Partnership states.1212Press release of the Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian trilateral projects of the EU Eastern Partnership have been presented in Brussels (Briuselyje pristatyti Lietuvos, Baltarusijos ir Ukrainos trišaliai projektai ES Rytų kaimynystei), 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.esnaujienos.lt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1665:briuselyje-pristatyti-lietuvos-baltarusijos-ir-ukrainos-trialiai-projektai-es-ryt-partnerystei-&catid=86:lietuvos-atstovavimas-es-institucijose&Itemid=95 (last access: 9 June 2010).

Lithuania actively provided proposals for the development of the Eastern Partnership

Lithuania finds the Eastern Partnership an important field of action where it can provide different unilateral and multilateral proposals for the development of this initiative. At the end of 2009, Lithuania, together with Ukraine and Belarus, prepared a wide list of possible common projects and continues to provide concrete suggestions to the European Commission for the support of the eastern neighbours, implements common projects with these states and shares its EU integration experience with them.1313Foreign Affairs Ministry: Eastern Partnership initiative stimulates the rapprochement of EU and its Eastern Partners, says Foreign Affairs Minister (Rytų partnerystės iniciatyva skatina ES ir Rytų kaimynių suartėjimą, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?237482786 (last access: 9 June 2010). The committee on foreign affairs of Lithuanian parliament also proposes to develop the parliamentary dimension of the Eastern Partnership.1414Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian trilateral projects of the EU Eastern partnership have been presented in Brussels (Briuselyje pristatyti Lietuvos, Baltarusijos ir Ukrainos trišaliai projektai ES Rytų kaimynystei), press release, 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.esnaujienos.lt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1665:briuselyje-pristatyti-lietuvos-baltarusijos-ir-ukrainos-trialiai-projektai-es-ryt-partnerystei-&catid=86:lietuvos-atstovavimas-es-institucijose&Itemid=95 (last access: 9 June 2010).

    Footnotes

  • 1Foreign Affairs Ministry: The preparation for the forthcoming European Council has been deliberated in Brussels (Briuselyje aptartas pasirengimas artėjančiai Europos vadovų tarybai), press release, 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.alfa.lt/straipsnis/10303389 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 2Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuania supports the Croatian aspiration to finish the accession negotiations soon (Lietuva remia Kroatijos siekį baigti derybas dėl narystės ES artimiausiu metu), press release, 10 May 2010, available at: http://www.alfa.lt/straipsnis/10358663/?Lietuva.remia.Kroatijos.sieki.baigti.derybas.del.narystes.ES.artimiausiu.metu=2010-05-19_15-10 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 3Baltic News Service: Grybauskaite: Lithuania strongly supports the Iceland’s aspiration to become an EU Member State (Grybauskaite: Lietuva tvirtai remia Islandijos siekius tapti ES nare), 16 March 2010, available at: http://www.alfa.lt/straipsnis/10321304/?Grybauskaite..Lietuva.tvirtai.remia.Islandijos.siekius.tapti.ES.nare=2010-03-16_16-16 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 4Foreign Affairs Ministry: V. Usackas: The progress in the Western Balkans is evident, but to achieve the goal there is a need to concentrate the efforts (V. Ušackas: Vakarų Balkanuose pažanga akivaizdi, tačiau dėl tikslo dar reikia susitelkti), press release, 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.gov.lt/index.php?-154276899 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 5Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuania supports the Turkish reforms implemented on its way to the EU (Lietuva remia Turkijos kelyje į ES vykdomas reformas), press release, 24 February 2010, available at: http://elta.lt/zinute_pr.php?inf_id=1160140 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 6Foreign Affairs Ministry: Eastern Partnership initiative stimulates the rapprochement of EU and its Eastern Partners, says Foreign Affairs Minister (Rytų partnerystės iniciatyva skatina ES ir Rytų kaimynių suartėjimą, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?237482786 (last access: 9 June 2010); former Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Minister Vygaudas Usackas: Lithuanian foreign policy: continuity and change, rhetoric and practice, speech at Institute of International Relations and Political Science of Vilnius University, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1877806041 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 7Foreign Affairs Ministry: Eastern Partnership initiative stimulates the rapprochement of EU and its Eastern Partners, says Foreign Affairs Minister (Rytų partnerystės iniciatyva skatina ES ir Rytų kaimynių suartėjimą, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?237482786 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 8Press release of the Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian trilateral projects of the EU Eastern partnership have been presented in Brussels (Briuselyje pristatyti Lietuvos, Baltarusijos ir Ukrainos trišaliai projektai ES Rytų kaimynystei), 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.esnaujienos.lt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1665:briuselyje-pristatyti-lietuvos-baltarusijos-ir-ukrainos-trialiai-projektai-es-ryt-partnerystei-&catid=86:lietuvos-atstovavimas-es-institucijose&Itemid=95 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 9Foreign Affairs Ministry: Eastern Partnership initiative stimulates the rapprochement of EU and its Eastern Partners, says Foreign Affairs Minister (Rytų partnerystės iniciatyva skatina ES ir Rytų kaimynių suartėjimą, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?237482786 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 10Foreign Affairs Ministry: The Ukrainian election results, EU actions in Afghanistan and the forthcoming European Council have been discussed in Brussels (Briuselyje aptarti rinkimų Ukrainoje rezultatai, ES veikslai Afganistane ir būsimoji Europos vadovų taryba), press release, 22 February 2010, available at: http://www.ue2013.lt/index.php?647304910 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 11Foreign Affairs Ministry: EU members and Eastern neighbours have to use all the Eastern Partnership measures and instruments, claims the Foreign Affairs Minister (ES šalys ir Rytų kaimynės turi išnaudoti visas Rytų patnerystės priemones ir instrumentus, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 2 March 2010, available at: www.urm.lt (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 12Press release of the Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian trilateral projects of the EU Eastern Partnership have been presented in Brussels (Briuselyje pristatyti Lietuvos, Baltarusijos ir Ukrainos trišaliai projektai ES Rytų kaimynystei), 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.esnaujienos.lt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1665:briuselyje-pristatyti-lietuvos-baltarusijos-ir-ukrainos-trialiai-projektai-es-ryt-partnerystei-&catid=86:lietuvos-atstovavimas-es-institucijose&Itemid=95 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 13Foreign Affairs Ministry: Eastern Partnership initiative stimulates the rapprochement of EU and its Eastern Partners, says Foreign Affairs Minister (Rytų partnerystės iniciatyva skatina ES ir Rytų kaimynių suartėjimą, teigia užsienio reikalų ministras), press release, 9 December 2009, available at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?237482786 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 14Foreign Affairs Ministry: Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian trilateral projects of the EU Eastern partnership have been presented in Brussels (Briuselyje pristatyti Lietuvos, Baltarusijos ir Ukrainos trišaliai projektai ES Rytų kaimynystei), press release, 8 December 2009, available at: http://www.esnaujienos.lt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1665:briuselyje-pristatyti-lietuvos-baltarusijos-ir-ukrainos-trialiai-projektai-es-ryt-partnerystei-&catid=86:lietuvos-atstovavimas-es-institucijose&Itemid=95 (last access: 9 June 2010).

The reports focus on a reporting period from December 2009 until May 2010. This survey was conducted on the basis of a questionnaire that has been elaborated in March and April 2010. Most of the 31 reports were delivered in May 2010.

The EU-27 Watch No. 9 receives significant funding from the Otto Wolff-Foundation, Cologne, in the framework of the ‘Dialog Europa der Otto Wolff-Stiftung’, and financial support from the European Commission. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.