Both small and big states are equally important to the EU

Lithuanians are happy that the new European Council President came to Lithuania for one of his first official visits

Con­sid­er­ing the activ­i­ties the new the Pres­i­dent of the Euro­pean Coun­cil Her­man Van Rompuy, the event that called the most atten­tion was that one of his first offi­cial vis­its as Pres­i­dent of the Euro­pean Coun­cil was made to Lithua­nia. Com­ment­ing on the event, Lithuan­ian Pres­i­dent Dalia Gry­bauskaite said it was very impor­tant that the new EU leader had cho­sen Lithua­nia for one of his first offi­cial vis­its. Accord­ing to her, “this indi­cates that both small and big states are equal­ly impor­tant to the EU.”11Pres­i­dent of Lithua­nia: Lithua­nia will fur­ther ask for EU sup­port for ener­gy projects (Lietu­va toli­au prašys ES paramos ener­getikos pro­jek­tams), press release, 9 Decem­ber 2010, avail­able at: http://www.president.lt/lt/spaudos_centras_392/pranesimai_spaudai/lietuva_toliau_prasys_es_paramos_energetikos_projektams.html (last access: 18 June 2010). How­ev­er, there is no wide dis­cus­sion on the changes to the role of the rotat­ing coun­cil pres­i­den­cy, but, as Lithuan­ian offi­cials state, it is in the inter­est of Lithua­nia that the vis­i­bil­i­ty of the coun­try hold­ing the rotat­ing pres­i­den­cy would be pre­served and that non-for­mal meet­ings of the Euro­pean Coun­cil would be held in it.22Dis­cus­sion of Seimas Euro­pean Club and Seimas Euro­pean Infor­ma­tion Office: The pri­or­i­ties of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy and the top­i­cal­i­ties of the imple­men­ta­tion of the Lis­bon Treaty (Ispani­jos pirmininkav­i­mo pri­or­ite­tai ir Lis­abonos sutar­ties įgyven­din­i­mo aktu­al­i­jos), 24 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: www.eib.lrs.lt (last access: 18 June 2010).

Opinions on Ashton’s work split

The activ­i­ties of Cather­ine Ash­ton are not exten­sive­ly dis­cussed in Lithua­nia; there are only a few remarks on the sub­ject. The event which attract­ed the most atten­tion in this respect was a par­lia­men­tary hear­ing of Cather­ine Aston at the Euro­pean Par­lia­ment. Mem­bers of the Euro­pean Par­lia­ment (MEPs) from Lithua­nia com­ment­ing on the hear­ing were not too opti­mistic. After the hear­ing, Laima Andrikiene admit­ted to hav­ing expect­ed more from the new High Rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the Union for For­eign Affairs and Secu­ri­ty Pol­i­cy: she claimed, “a month ago she [Cather­ine Ash­ton] explained that she has been occu­py­ing the new post only for a few days. How­ev­er, exact­ly the same did I hear today. I did not hear from her any clear vision for EU for­eign pol­i­cy.”33V. Saldz­i­u­nas: The leader of the Com­mu­ni­ty for­eign pol­i­cy is like a cat in the bag? (Ben­dri­jos užsienio poli­tikos vadovė – kaip katė maiše?), 13 Jan­u­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.laimaandrikiene.lt/index.php?id=12&tx_ttnews[year]=2010&tx_ttnews[month]=01&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=845&tx_ttnews[backPid]=51&cHash=7e6c8ae41d (last access: 18 June 2010). One of the most famous Lithuan­ian politi­cians, MEP Vytau­tas Lands­ber­gis, said that, from what he has heard about the par­lia­men­tary hear­ings, he came to the con­clu­sion that the new EU diplo­mat­ic leader respond­ed faint­ly and with­out prepa­ra­tion.44Ibid. Anoth­er Lithuan­ian MEP and expe­ri­enced diplo­mat, Jus­tas Vin­cas Paleck­is, said that he has the impres­sion that Cather­ine Ash­ton is an open and much promis­ing politi­cian. Com­ment­ing on the hear­ing, he said, “she has select­ed a cau­tious tac­tic while respond­ing to the par­lia­men­tary ques­tions.” But he expressed his con­vic­tion that “after half a year, she will gain more expe­ri­ence and talk more con­crete­ly.”55Ibid.

Lithuania welcomes the establishment of the European External Action Service

Lithuan­ian offi­cials are very much in favour of the estab­lish­ment of such an insti­tu­tion as the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (EEAS). Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter Audro­nius Azubalis said, “we can­not miss an oppor­tu­ni­ty to estab­lish a strong Euro­pean ser­vice, a unique insti­tu­tion, an instru­ment aimed at cre­at­ing a com­mon EU for­eign pol­i­cy, based not only on geo-eco­nom­ic goals, but also on com­mon Euro­pean val­ues.”66Delfi: Lithua­nia wants the new Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice to defend the inter­ests of our cit­i­zens (Lietu­va nori, kad kuria­ma Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­ba gin­tų mūsų piliečių intere­sus), 6 March 2010, avail­able at: http://myep.delfi.lt/news/lietuva-nori-kad-kuriama-europos-isoriniu-veiksmu-tarnyba-gintu-musu-pilieciu-interesus.d?id=29734613 (last access: 9 June 2010). Accord­ing to him, all the main Lithuan­ian con­cerns were reflect­ed in the report by the Swedish Pres­i­den­cy on the estab­lish­ment of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice.77For­eign Affairs Min­istry: For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter talked with the High Rep­re­sen­ta­tive (Užsienio reikalų min­is­tras kalbėjosi su ES atstove užsienio reikalams), press release, 12 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1919252930 (last access: 9 June 2010).

For­mer Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter Vygau­das Usackas claimed that the Lithuan­ian goal is that this new EU diplo­mat­ic ser­vice would be strong and influ­en­tial, guar­an­tee the pro­gres­sion of pol­i­cy with third coun­tries and also pro­vide the nec­es­sary sup­port for EU cit­i­zens and enter­pris­es. How­ev­er, he not­ed that the estab­lish­ment of the EEAS would not pro­vide the EU for­eign and secu­ri­ty pol­i­cy with the effi­cien­cy and uni­ty it needs, if the men­tal­i­ty of some EU mem­ber states does not change and their prac­tice to deal sep­a­rate­ly with third coun­tries upon issues which are cru­cial for the whole EU on bilat­er­al basis is con­tin­ued.88For­mer Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter Vygau­das Usackas: Lithuan­ian for­eign pol­i­cy: con­ti­nu­ity and change, rhetoric and prac­tice, speech at the Insti­tute of Inter­na­tion­al Rela­tions and Polit­i­cal Sci­ence of Vil­nius Uni­ver­si­ty, 9 Decem­ber 2009, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1877806041 (last access: 9 June 2010).

Proportional representation of the EU member states must be secured

One of the main prin­ci­ples on which the func­tion­ing of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice should be based, accord­ing to Lithuan­ian offi­cials, is secur­ing an equal rep­re­sen­ta­tion of mem­ber states in the ser­vice. Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter Audro­nius Azubalis claimed that one-third of the EEAS should be com­posed of staff from EU mem­ber states99Dis­cus­sion of Seimas Euro­pean Club and Seimas Euro­pean Infor­ma­tion Office: The pri­or­i­ties of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy and the top­i­cal­i­ties of the imple­men­ta­tion of the Lis­bon Treaty (Ispani­jos pirmininkav­i­mo pri­or­ite­tai ir Lis­abonos sutar­ties įgyven­din­i­mo aktu­al­i­jos), 24 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: www.eib.lrs.lt (last access: 9 June 2010). and that EU mem­ber states be ade­quate­ly rep­re­sent­ed in it by keep­ing a geo­graph­i­cal bal­ance. Such a prin­ci­ple, accord­ing to the min­is­ter, would stim­u­late mem­ber states to invest the best human resources into the new­ly estab­lished body and in this way con­tribute to the effi­cient func­tion­ing of the Ser­vice.1010For­eign Affairs Min­istry: For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter talked with EU rep­re­sen­ta­tive for for­eign affairs (Užsienio reikalų min­is­tras kalbėjosi su ES atstove užsienio reikalams), press release, 12 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1919252930 (last access: 9 June 2010). This would also enable the EU insti­tu­tions to know and under­stand the mem­ber states’ for­eign pol­i­cy pri­or­i­ties and expec­ta­tions bet­ter.1111For­eign Affairs Min­istry: EU Gen­er­al Affairs Coun­cil has reached a polit­i­cal agree­ment on the estab­lish­ment of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (ES ben­drųjų reikalų tary­ba pasiekė polit­inį susi­tarimą dėl Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­bos steigi­mo), press release, 27 April 2010, avail­able at: www.urm.lt (last access: 9 June 2010). The Lithuan­ian MEP Algir­das Saudar­gas, an expe­ri­enced diplo­mat and for­mer Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter, also called for secur­ing pro­por­tion­al rep­re­sen­ta­tion of EU mem­ber states in the new EU diplo­mat­ic ser­vice. He has often raised the con­cern that new­er and small­er EU mem­ber states should not be ignored while cre­at­ing the ser­vice.1212A. Saudar­gas expects a pro­por­tion­al rep­re­sen­ta­tion of the EU Mem­ber States in the EU diplo­mat­ic cor­pus (A. Saudar­gas ES diplo­ma­tini­ame kor­puse tik­isi pro­porcin­go ES šal­ių atsto­vav­i­mo), 9 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.algirdassaudargas.lt/lt/naujienos/naujienu-archyvas/2010‑m/a‑saudargas-es-diplomatiniame-korpuse-tikisi-proporcingo-es-saliu-atstovavimo (last access: 9 June 2010).

The European External Action Service – an added value to Lithuanian diplomatic service

Var­i­ous Lithuan­ian diplo­mats regard the new EU diplo­mat­ic ser­vice as an added val­ue to the Lithuan­ian nation­al diplo­mat­ic ser­vice. Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter Audro­nius Azubalis empha­sised that it is impor­tant that the new­ly cre­at­ed EEAS would sup­ple­ment Lithuan­ian diplo­ma­cy – it would secure the rights of Lithuan­ian cit­i­zens in the states where Lithuan­ian does not have its own rep­re­sen­ta­tion. He not­ed that these prin­ci­ples are also essen­tial for oth­er small EU mem­ber states.1313For­eign Affairs Min­istry: EU For­eign Affairs Min­is­ters have been delib­er­at­ing in Cor­do­ba on the activ­i­ties of the future Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (Kor­dobo­je ES užsienio reikalų min­is­trai svarstė būsi­mos Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­bos veik­lą), press release, 6 March 2010, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-13079459 (last access: 9 June 2010). Audro­nius Azubalis also said that such diplo­mats would enrich the Lithuan­ian diplo­mat­ic ser­vice after return­ing to it with their new expe­ri­ence.1414For­eign Affairs Min­istry: For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter talked with EU rep­re­sen­ta­tive for for­eign affairs (Užsienio reikalų min­is­tras kalbėjosi su ES atstove užsienio reikalams), press release, 12 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1919252930 (last access: 9 June 2010).

Among the pri­or­i­ties relat­ed to the func­tion­ing of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice, the most impor­tant are the secur­ing of diplo­mats’ mobil­i­ty and the exchange of infor­ma­tion among EU del­e­ga­tions.1515Dis­cus­sion of Seimas Euro­pean Club and Seimas Euro­pean Infor­ma­tion Office: The pri­or­i­ties of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy and the top­i­cal­i­ties of the imple­men­ta­tion of the Lis­bon Treaty (Ispani­jos pirmininkav­i­mo pri­or­ite­tai ir Lis­abonos sutar­ties įgyven­din­i­mo aktu­al­i­jos), 24 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: www.eib.lrs.lt (last access: 9 June 2010). After the meet­ing of the EU Gen­er­al Affairs Coun­cil, in which a polit­i­cal agree­ment on the estab­lish­ment of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice has been reached, the Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter expressed his joy that almost all Lithuan­ian pro­pos­als were tak­en into con­sid­er­a­tion.1616For­eign Affairs Min­istry: EU Gen­er­al affairs coun­cil has reached a polit­i­cal agree­ment on the estab­lish­ment of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (ES ben­drųjų reikalų tary­ba pasiekė polit­inį susi­tarimą dėl Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­bos steigi­mo), press release, 27 April 2010, avail­able at: www.urm.lt (last access: 9 June 2010).

The Lithuan­ian MEP Zig­man­tas Bal­cytis, a mem­ber of the bud­get con­trol com­mit­tee, looks at the func­tion­ing of the new Ser­vice from anoth­er angle and rais­es the ques­tion of what pow­ers the Euro­pean Par­lia­ment should have to con­trol this ser­vice. Accord­ing to him, the new ser­vice should be account­able to the Euro­pean Par­lia­ment both for the funds assigned to the admin­is­tra­tion and the funds fore­seen to con­duct its activ­i­ties. He also finds a dupli­ca­tion of func­tions pre­scribed to the new ser­vice with those of the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion in the fields of human­i­tar­i­an aid, enlarge­ment and neigh­bour­hood pol­i­cy. There­fore he says, “rapid deci­sions are nec­es­sary to sep­a­rate these func­tions.”1717Zig­man­tas Bal­cytis: Will the EP have a pow­er to con­trol the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice? (Ar EP turės gal­ią, kon­troli­uoti nau­jąją Euro­pos išorės veiksmų tarny­bą?), 28 April 2010, avail­able at: http://www.balcytis.lt/?p=764 (last access: 9 June 2010).

European Citizens’ Initiative – more opportunities for citizens

The Euro­pean Cit­i­zens’ Ini­tia­tive (ECI) is wel­comed in Lithua­nia. Accord­ing to the Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter Audro­nius Azubalis, the ECI will cre­ate wide oppor­tu­ni­ties for EU cit­i­zens to active­ly par­tic­i­pate in the EU deci­sion mak­ing process and will stim­u­late them to show more inter­est in EU affairs and to seek the adop­tion of the deci­sions impor­tant to them.1818For­eign Affairs Min­istry: EU Gen­er­al Affairs Coun­cil has reached a polit­i­cal agree­ment on the estab­lish­ment of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (ES ben­drųjų reikalų tary­ba pasiekė polit­inį susi­tarimą dėl Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­bos steigi­mo), press release, 27 April 2010, avail­able at: www.urm.lt (last access: 9 June 2010). For Lithua­ni­ans it is most impor­tant to secure that all EU cit­i­zens have equal oppor­tu­ni­ties while imple­ment­ing their ECI and that the ini­tia­tives pro­vid­ed by the cit­i­zens would reflect the true gen­er­al Euro­pean interest.

Speak­ing about the pro­ce­dur­al require­ments, Lithua­nia pro­pos­es that the min­i­mum num­ber of cit­i­zens par­tic­i­pat­ing in the ECI from each mem­ber state should be pro­por­tion­al to the num­ber of inhab­i­tants in that state (equal to 0.2 per­cent of inhab­i­tants of the state) and that the min­i­mum num­ber of mem­ber states whose cit­i­zens could pro­vide the ECI would be nine (the same num­ber as required to start the enhanced coop­er­a­tion).1919Dis­cus­sion of Seimas Euro­pean Club and Seimas Euro­pean Infor­ma­tion Office: The pri­or­i­ties of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy and the top­i­cal­i­ties of the imple­men­ta­tion of the Lis­bon Treaty (Ispani­jos pirmininkav­i­mo pri­or­ite­tai ir Lis­abonos sutar­ties įgyven­din­i­mo aktu­al­i­jos), 24 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: www.eib.lrs.lt (last access: 9 June 2010). This issue has been delib­er­at­ed in the meet­ing of the com­mit­tee on Euro­pean affairs of the Lithuan­ian par­lia­ment. Accord­ing to the com­mit­tee, the indi­ca­tors pro­vid­ed above would allow the secur­ing of rep­re­sen­ta­tion in the ECI and would reflect glob­al Euro­pean inter­ests. The com­mit­tee also rec­om­mend­ed relat­ing the age of cit­i­zens able to par­tic­i­pate in the ECI with the vot­ing age for Euro­pean Par­lia­ment elections.

Accord­ing to the com­mit­tee, while pro­vid­ing the ECI, there should also be a require­ment to clear­ly state the essence of the prob­lem, the goals to be reached by the pro­vi­sion of an ECI and the pro­posed mea­sures for action. To make the ini­tia­tive eas­i­ly acces­si­ble there should also be a pos­si­bil­i­ty to sup­port the ini­tia­tive through the Inter­net. The com­mit­tee sup­pos­es that a peri­od of one year dur­ing which sig­na­tures could be col­lect­ed is rea­son­able, if we have in mind that cit­i­zens from dif­fer­ent EU mem­ber states have to be involved.

Speak­ing about the role of the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion in this process, the com­mit­tee also rec­om­mend­ed that the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion should cre­ate a spe­cial web­site where all the ini­tia­tives would be reg­is­tered. Addi­tion­al­ly, the Com­mis­sion should con­duct an ex ante eval­u­a­tion to decide if the spe­cif­ic ECI is suit­able for reg­is­tra­tion. The Com­mis­sion should also secure the trans­la­tion of the initiative’s text in all offi­cial EU lan­guages. The Com­mit­tee has also rec­om­mend­ed that the Com­mis­sion should be giv­en no more than six months to eval­u­ate an ECI.2020Com­mit­tee on Euro­pean affairs of the Lithuan­ian par­lia­ment: The com­mit­tee on Euro­pean affairs has adopt­ed an opin­ion on the Green Paper on the Euro­pean Cit­i­zens’ Ini­tia­tive (Euro­pos reikalų komite­tas patvirti­no nuomonę dėl Žalio­sios kny­gos dėl Euro­pos piliečių ini­ci­atyvos), press release, 22 Jan­u­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter/w5_show?p_r=6160&p_k=1 (last access: 9 June 2010).

    Footnotes

  • 1Pres­i­dent of Lithua­nia: Lithua­nia will fur­ther ask for EU sup­port for ener­gy projects (Lietu­va toli­au prašys ES paramos ener­getikos pro­jek­tams), press release, 9 Decem­ber 2010, avail­able at: http://www.president.lt/lt/spaudos_centras_392/pranesimai_spaudai/lietuva_toliau_prasys_es_paramos_energetikos_projektams.html (last access: 18 June 2010).
  • 2Dis­cus­sion of Seimas Euro­pean Club and Seimas Euro­pean Infor­ma­tion Office: The pri­or­i­ties of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy and the top­i­cal­i­ties of the imple­men­ta­tion of the Lis­bon Treaty (Ispani­jos pirmininkav­i­mo pri­or­ite­tai ir Lis­abonos sutar­ties įgyven­din­i­mo aktu­al­i­jos), 24 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: www.eib.lrs.lt (last access: 18 June 2010).
  • 3V. Saldz­i­u­nas: The leader of the Com­mu­ni­ty for­eign pol­i­cy is like a cat in the bag? (Ben­dri­jos užsienio poli­tikos vadovė – kaip katė maiše?), 13 Jan­u­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.laimaandrikiene.lt/index.php?id=12&tx_ttnews[year]=2010&tx_ttnews[month]=01&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=845&tx_ttnews[backPid]=51&cHash=7e6c8ae41d (last access: 18 June 2010).
  • 4Ibid.
  • 5Ibid.
  • 6Delfi: Lithua­nia wants the new Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice to defend the inter­ests of our cit­i­zens (Lietu­va nori, kad kuria­ma Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­ba gin­tų mūsų piliečių intere­sus), 6 March 2010, avail­able at: http://myep.delfi.lt/news/lietuva-nori-kad-kuriama-europos-isoriniu-veiksmu-tarnyba-gintu-musu-pilieciu-interesus.d?id=29734613 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 7For­eign Affairs Min­istry: For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter talked with the High Rep­re­sen­ta­tive (Užsienio reikalų min­is­tras kalbėjosi su ES atstove užsienio reikalams), press release, 12 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1919252930 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 8For­mer Lithuan­ian For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter Vygau­das Usackas: Lithuan­ian for­eign pol­i­cy: con­ti­nu­ity and change, rhetoric and prac­tice, speech at the Insti­tute of Inter­na­tion­al Rela­tions and Polit­i­cal Sci­ence of Vil­nius Uni­ver­si­ty, 9 Decem­ber 2009, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1877806041 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 9Dis­cus­sion of Seimas Euro­pean Club and Seimas Euro­pean Infor­ma­tion Office: The pri­or­i­ties of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy and the top­i­cal­i­ties of the imple­men­ta­tion of the Lis­bon Treaty (Ispani­jos pirmininkav­i­mo pri­or­ite­tai ir Lis­abonos sutar­ties įgyven­din­i­mo aktu­al­i­jos), 24 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: www.eib.lrs.lt (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 10For­eign Affairs Min­istry: For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter talked with EU rep­re­sen­ta­tive for for­eign affairs (Užsienio reikalų min­is­tras kalbėjosi su ES atstove užsienio reikalams), press release, 12 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1919252930 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 11For­eign Affairs Min­istry: EU Gen­er­al Affairs Coun­cil has reached a polit­i­cal agree­ment on the estab­lish­ment of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (ES ben­drųjų reikalų tary­ba pasiekė polit­inį susi­tarimą dėl Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­bos steigi­mo), press release, 27 April 2010, avail­able at: www.urm.lt (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 12A. Saudar­gas expects a pro­por­tion­al rep­re­sen­ta­tion of the EU Mem­ber States in the EU diplo­mat­ic cor­pus (A. Saudar­gas ES diplo­ma­tini­ame kor­puse tik­isi pro­porcin­go ES šal­ių atsto­vav­i­mo), 9 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.algirdassaudargas.lt/lt/naujienos/naujienu-archyvas/2010‑m/a‑saudargas-es-diplomatiniame-korpuse-tikisi-proporcingo-es-saliu-atstovavimo (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 13For­eign Affairs Min­istry: EU For­eign Affairs Min­is­ters have been delib­er­at­ing in Cor­do­ba on the activ­i­ties of the future Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (Kor­dobo­je ES užsienio reikalų min­is­trai svarstė būsi­mos Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­bos veik­lą), press release, 6 March 2010, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-13079459 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 14For­eign Affairs Min­istry: For­eign Affairs Min­is­ter talked with EU rep­re­sen­ta­tive for for­eign affairs (Užsienio reikalų min­is­tras kalbėjosi su ES atstove užsienio reikalams), press release, 12 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www.urm.lt/index.php?-1919252930 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 15Dis­cus­sion of Seimas Euro­pean Club and Seimas Euro­pean Infor­ma­tion Office: The pri­or­i­ties of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy and the top­i­cal­i­ties of the imple­men­ta­tion of the Lis­bon Treaty (Ispani­jos pirmininkav­i­mo pri­or­ite­tai ir Lis­abonos sutar­ties įgyven­din­i­mo aktu­al­i­jos), 24 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: www.eib.lrs.lt (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 16For­eign Affairs Min­istry: EU Gen­er­al affairs coun­cil has reached a polit­i­cal agree­ment on the estab­lish­ment of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (ES ben­drųjų reikalų tary­ba pasiekė polit­inį susi­tarimą dėl Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­bos steigi­mo), press release, 27 April 2010, avail­able at: www.urm.lt (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 17Zig­man­tas Bal­cytis: Will the EP have a pow­er to con­trol the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice? (Ar EP turės gal­ią, kon­troli­uoti nau­jąją Euro­pos išorės veiksmų tarny­bą?), 28 April 2010, avail­able at: http://www.balcytis.lt/?p=764 (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 18For­eign Affairs Min­istry: EU Gen­er­al Affairs Coun­cil has reached a polit­i­cal agree­ment on the estab­lish­ment of the Euro­pean Exter­nal Action Ser­vice (ES ben­drųjų reikalų tary­ba pasiekė polit­inį susi­tarimą dėl Euro­pos išorinių veiksmų tarny­bos steigi­mo), press release, 27 April 2010, avail­able at: www.urm.lt (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 19Dis­cus­sion of Seimas Euro­pean Club and Seimas Euro­pean Infor­ma­tion Office: The pri­or­i­ties of the Span­ish Pres­i­den­cy and the top­i­cal­i­ties of the imple­men­ta­tion of the Lis­bon Treaty (Ispani­jos pirmininkav­i­mo pri­or­ite­tai ir Lis­abonos sutar­ties įgyven­din­i­mo aktu­al­i­jos), 24 Feb­ru­ary 2010, avail­able at: www.eib.lrs.lt (last access: 9 June 2010).
  • 20Com­mit­tee on Euro­pean affairs of the Lithuan­ian par­lia­ment: The com­mit­tee on Euro­pean affairs has adopt­ed an opin­ion on the Green Paper on the Euro­pean Cit­i­zens’ Ini­tia­tive (Euro­pos reikalų komite­tas patvirti­no nuomonę dėl Žalio­sios kny­gos dėl Euro­pos piliečių ini­ci­atyvos), press release, 22 Jan­u­ary 2010, avail­able at: http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter/w5_show?p_r=6160&p_k=1 (last access: 9 June 2010).

The reports focus on a report­ing peri­od from Decem­ber 2009 until May 2010. This sur­vey was con­duct­ed on the basis of a ques­tion­naire that has been elab­o­rat­ed in March and April 2010. Most of the 31 reports were deliv­ered in May 2010.

The EU-27 Watch No. 9 receives sig­nif­i­cant fund­ing from the Otto Wolff-Foun­da­tion, Cologne, in the frame­work of the ‘Dia­log Europa der Otto Wolff-Stiftung’, and finan­cial sup­port from the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion. The Euro­pean Com­mis­sion is not respon­si­ble for any use that may be made of the infor­ma­tion con­tained therein.